Church Software

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Ministry Letters Summary

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Church Weddings

The Civil Registration Act which came into force in July 1837 gave couples the option of marrying in church or in a registry office. Church weddings continued, of course, and so too did church marriage registers. As Foster showed in A Comedy of Errors (see 'Contacts'), about five per cent of marriages never made it into the General Registration marriage indexes. If you're sure where a marriage took place, and you can't find it in the indexes, it's worth approaching the local registrar's office, or the church, and consult post-1837 parish registers.

Genealogy with Success

There are no guarantees that you will be able to trace your lines successfully. But certainly, out of the 1,024 direct ancestors in 10 generations, there are some whom you can trace to their entry into America. Be patient and follow all clues. Those who achieve the most success constantly follow all leads church records, obituaries, vital records, war files, everything that could have a record created about their ancestor. They constantly restudy the material, as new data is found, to glean clues they may have missed previously. If you are systematic and use sound research techniques, you will be rewarded. No one is pushing. If you need to take two years off from the search to complete your college education, no one is demanding that you write genealogy letters. When you are ready, genealogy is there for you to pursue.

Discovering Family History Centers

If you live in a smaller community, you may be surprised to discover that your hometown has a resource specifically for local genealogical research Sponsored by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), over 3,400 Family History Centers worldwide provide support for genealogical research. Access to microfilms containing images of records are among the important resources found in Family History Centers. You are not required to be a member of the LDS church to use a Family History Center the resources contained within them are available to everyone. Keep in mind that the workers at a Family History Center cannot research your genealogy for you, although they're willing to point you in the right direction. To find a Family History Center, use the FamilySearch search interface, which you can find at

Where To Find Probate Material

You will therefore, need a basic knowledge of the historic structure of the ecclesiastical courts, which were based on the Church's hierarchy. Where a will was proved or letter of administration granted depended both on the value of the estate, and where the deceased's lands were situated.

Methodological Naturalism

So, for Leiter, if one is a naturalist just on the grounds of a commitment to Methods Continuity, the continuity one advocates with science can in fact be relatively loose, consisting in the giving of explanations of phenomena through locating their causes. A worry here might be that this kind of continuity on its own does not rule out very much, given that belief systems such as Christianity, Satanism, and astrology all attempt to explain various phenomena by locating their causes. If what makes these theories beyond the pale for naturalism is that they do not use scientific methods, well and good. But if mere emulation of scientific method through the giving of causal explanations is sufficient for naturalism, as it must be to let in Nietzsche as a naturalist on these grounds, then naturalism on the grounds of Methods Continuity looks to be rather a broad church.

Select your preferred settings for the database and click OK

You can set the date format using the drop-down box, choose whether to have a reference number displayed after the name, display surnames in all capital letters, or allow LDS support (this setting opens some additional fields for members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints). In our case, we set the date format to 10 Jan 1959, choose not to include reference numbers, select to display surnames in uppercase, and turn off the LDS support functionality.

Stepbystep From Books To Burial Sites

1 We're looking for a man called Luke Bland who was born in Yorkshire and became a teacher. His death certificate is proving hard to find, so the next step is to look for him on as many censuses as possible. He seems to have settled in the village of Laleham in Surrey and taught at the local church school. 2 The censuses indicate that Luke lived in Laleham for many years so let's assume he might be buried there. A book on the village indicates that Laleham churchyard is very old and some of the monuments may have worn away or been removed. It may be easier to locate an existing burial book.

Family History Library

The Family History Library is maintained by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon) in Salt Lake City. As a result of their religious convictions, their genealogical collection is immense. It is not limited to use by members of the church the materials are available for research by anyone. Their microfilming projects extend worldwide. Their computerized library catalog and other computer projects make access to many of their records relatively easy. They maintain over 2,500 Family History Centers across the country, in many localities. Anyone can order microfilm for use in these branches. databases. It includes the Family History Department's Ancestral File , their International Genealogical Index , their Family History Catalog , and others. These are on CD-ROM and are updated regularly. Ancestral File is a database of data contributed by church members and others, with the data they have collected on individuals. International Genealogical Index consists of an...

Religious and Ethnic Libraries

Some churches and ethnic groups maintain libraries and archives. In many cases the hours they are open are limited, so inquire ahead of time if you plan to visit. Looking for the records of the Baptist Church in Virginia Or the Lutheran Church of Pennsylvania They maintain archives, as do many others. Some even have their early minutes and registers available on microfilm. Check with your reference librarian for guides that will lead to the location of many church archives. Also examine Elizabeth Petty Bentley's The Genealogist's Address Book, pages 457-477.

Getting Started in the Public Library

Take with you the names, dates, and locations of your family members who resided in the county. Your goal is to find their birth dates, marriage dates, spouses, and death dates as starters. This helps in documenting the line, in establishing that you have the correct lineage. Stay alert for records that mention the churches they attended or their religion. (Knowing that, you can later determine if the church had records naming them.) A record showing where they were buried can later supply you with further leads. Each of the major events in their lives may have associated records that can help identify to whom they were related and reveal something of their lives.

Vertical Files Just Waiting to Talk

1900s typically consisted of histories of each of their townships or towns, churches, lodges, medical profession, schools, newspapers, county government, notorious happenings, and even those who served in the military from the county. They may include the name and place of origin of the early pioneers of the area who established the first grist mill, the first physician, town officers, and other similarly valuable information. family background. (Or even, occasionally, by a desire to elevate their standing in the community or in order to obscure details of a less than desirable past.) It was the rare biographer who knew the details of his family intimately for several generations unless the family left careful written records. All facts must be confirmed. Nonetheless, the biographies are unique and provide an insight often lacking in any other source. You will learn of your ancestor's schooling, jobs, purchase of the farm, the church he attended, when he found religion, and other...

Finding individuals in subscription indexes

Currently, the largest United States Census population schedule index collections are found on the subscription-based Ancestry.com (available to individuals, libraries, and other institutions) and HeritageQuest Online (available only to libraries and other institutions). Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com) has census indexes for the years 1790 through 1870, generated from print indexes. Ancestry.com also has re-indexed population schedules from 1790 to 1870 and from 1900 to 1930. They use the 1880 index produced by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and have indexed the census fragment for 1890. HeritageQuest Online has re-indexed census entries for the years 1790 through 1930.

Hegels univocity of Geist

Hegel's position may be the result of a reading of the creator created difference in terms of the ontological difference, the 'proximity' between God and World being a corollary of this understanding. Nevertheless, it must be asked whether Hegel's philosophy reduces the Father and Son of the Trinity to the Spirit, a reduction that may leave us unable to discern what Spirit is - a predicament that suggests a certain nominalism. (To cite Baudrillard again 'there have always been churches to hide the death of God and to hide the fact God is everything which is the same thing'.)36 This nominalism is not only caused by the reduction of the Trinity to one, but also results from the distinction between Vorstellung and Denken. It is possible to suggest that this distinction is itself guilty of merely representational thinking. For Hegel only represents religious thinking and its relation to the speculative. In so doing he ossifies language in terms of a univocal thought of Geist, a thought...

National Library of Wales Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru

I National Archives of Scotland (www.nas.gov.uk) contains records of when Scotland was its own kingdom, as well as modern Scotland. Records housed there include land transfers, records of the Church of Scotland parishes, estate papers, court papers, and taxation lists. I Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (www.proni.gov.uk) holds items such as estate, church, business, valuation and tithe, school, and wills records.

Old Timers Can Tell It

Often, there are individuals in town who knew your ancestors. They were their neighbors or their fathers were in business with them. Their mothers were in the same church groups. These old-timers are delighted to reminisce with someone who has not heard their stories dozens of times. They may also tell you things the family won't Your grandpa was quite handsome, and he got around some.

Do Take Thee As My Lawful

Nothing on the record is too insignificant the smallest detail can lead to further records or identification of the individuals. The witnesses may be related to the bride or groom. If either the bride or the groom was a minor, a parent's or guardian's consent will be valuable. Finally, the name of the person officiating might help identify a church and lead to further sources. The banns of marriage was an announcement, usually in church, of an intended marriage. Normally, it was announced successively for three weeks. In some areas this was the prevailing custom. A marriage bond necessitated paying a fee to the clerk of the court, so the alternate method of publishing the banns of marriage was an attractive substitute. The banns of marriage may be noted in church minutes but are not recorded in the county record books.

Be a Student of Local and Family History

Learn about the churches in the area. Our ancestors were passionate about their religion, and religious upheaval was not uncommon. Arguments over doctrine among the parishioners often caused a dissident group to start another church in different place down the road, in another county, or in another state.

The Data Doesnt Conflict There Isnt Any Data

Your ancestor just seems to appear in town with his wife and children, and you have no idea from whence he came. Start looking at the records created by his neighbors. Families did not move alone. They came with their friends and relatives. They came because of discord in their old church or because they wanted more land or new opportunities.

Everything Is Relative

The mobility of our modern society would astound our ancestors. When the United States was primarily a rural society, the marriage pool for young men and women consisted of their neighbors within walking or horseback distance. Young men and women married the other young men and women they grew up with and saw at church and family gatherings. Older men of 25 waited for the beautiful 14-year-old to reach marriageable age. Because the marriage pool was so limited, first cousins married in areas where the law permitted. (This custom of the past is no longer allowed.)

Being incomprehensible

I know 'Y', I realise an-other is, but I become this other. Furthermore, this other allows me to think myself, yet the other and I are from the same Word, and are still within this Word this is especially so when we realise that creation is not a change, and that we are, as the Church, the Body of Christ. Indeed, Christ on the Cross, in some sense, lifts the earth in to Heaven (the horizontal into the vertical, exacerbating its validity). I am a res and aliquid, both positive and negative. The negative horizontal aspect of my identity, or essence, signals the openness of that essence without reducing its positivity, while this negative determination is, in some sense, as open, positive. For the very negativity of horizontal causality is the result of a perpetual plenitude the reason why I am open to constitutive determination by way of otherness, is that I and the other are from the Word a Word which has become flesh, gifting creation with both the divinity and humanity of the Son....

Theories of Relativity

One method is to write each thing you have found on a 3 x 5 card or in a table in a word processing or database computer program. Then sort the cards or data to connect the events with each other, watching for inconsistencies and contradictions. Remember that you are not researching a name, but a person. Look for associates, occupations, church affiliations, anything that will develop identities for the people you found who happen to have the same name. Look at their neighbors.

What You Get on the CD

World Place Finder is a gazetteer with more than 3.3 million towns and cities from around the world. It also includes churches and cemeteries in the United States. Not only can it be used to find places, but it will also check the contents of your GEDCOM file for misspelled or incomplete place names. For more information, see

The Scottish Genealogy Society

Genealogy Tree

Our Seeking pages are proving popular and successful. Recently, reader Charles Williams received enough pointers from fellow readers to find records of his great-grandmother Margaret Jane Williams and her eight siblings in the baptismal register at a church in Upper Slaughter, Gloucestershire. Do scan through the entries here. If you see a name or family you recognise, drop the person who sent in their query a line. It could make all the difference to their research. Equally, we have a section where you can pass on certificates you've ordered that turned out to be of no use in your own investigations. Crosher - My mother, Florence Crosher, started at a school in Borgard Road, Woolwich in 1912. This was a Church of England school attached to the St Michael & All Angels Church, also in Borgard Road. Her younger sister Edith also attended there. The problem is that it seems to be impossible to trace old records or photographs of the school. I have tried all the usual places and record...

History Of Civil Registration

For all the population, before this only the incomplete church and chapel records are available. This is not quite true though, as when the initial legislation came into force registration wasn't compulsory, so you may not find an entry that you expect to be there in the early years. This is especially true of births. Many were wary of - or didn't know how to go about - registering, or thought that a church Baptism register entry was all that was required. marriages - had to be performed in the parish church, and were officially recorded. From 1837 new duplicate marriage registers were used, and the copies submitted to the Registrar. An act in 1875 made full registration for all three events compulsory, so in theory after this date there should be entries for everybody.

The language of difference

Mary, as mother of God, utters human words that enable the Incarnation.194 In this sense, human discourse, from the beginning, is full of grace. Mary offers her will to God, insisting that God's will be done. From this there follows the virginal Conception and the Incarnation. Allegorically speaking, the breaking of her waters can be interpreted as marking the coming of Christ. What is important to note is that the water comes before Christ, announcing the way (like John the Baptist). This water can then be thought to lead us to the wedding at Cana, where Mary instructs the stewards to do the will of her son. In so doing they repeat the form of Mary's submission. Water is then 'transubstantiated', a transformation which announces the divinity of Christ. This is the first miracle of Christ's public ministry. Furthermore, this water that now becomes wine can be thought to anticipate Christ's future sacrifice, in this way calling forth what is 'known'. The water which has become wine...

Orientation And Procreation

Following Henry VIII's break with Rome, it was decided that rulings were needed to prevent people who were related from marrying each other and these became known as the 'prohibited degrees' which were upheld by both civil and canon (church) law. Although they were drawn up in 1563, they did not come into effect until the early 17 th century. Notices were posted in parish churches, and the list of prohibited degrees (some 60 relationships) were printed in the Book of Common Prayer of 1662. The most recent Marriage Act (of 1949) was amended in 1986 to take into account issues such as divorce and surrogacy.

Scanning Scandinavian countries

It is a good idea to get an overview of genealogical record sets in Scandinavian countries. The Beginner's Guide to Finnish Family History Research (members. aol.com dssaari guide.htm) covers how to use parish, birth, marriage, death records, and communion books. MyDanishRoots.com (mydanish roots.com) contains articles on vital records, census lists, place names, emigration, and Danish History. The Federation of Swedish Genealogical Societies Sveriges Slaktforskarforbund hosts the site Finding Your Swedish Roots (www.genealogi.se roots ) that includes helpful articles on church, legal, and tax records, information on the collection in the Swedish Archives, and a brief history of Sweden. For help with your Norwegian ancestors, see the article Basics of Norwegian Research at www.rootsweb.com wg norway list-basics.htm. The Swedish DISBYT database (www.dis.se) contains 15.4 million Swedes living before 1905. The Institute of Migration Siirtolaisuusinstituutti (www. migrationinstitute.fi...

Religious Group Records

In the past, several countries required attendance at church services or the payment of taxes to an ecclesiastical authority. Although your ancestors may not have appreciated those laws at the time, the records that were kept to ensure their compliance can benefit you as a genealogist. In fact, before governments started recording births, marriages, and deaths, churches kept the official records of these events. For those places where no such laws were in effect, you can use a variety of records kept by church authorities or congregations to develop a sketch of the everyday life of your ancestor. The Local Catholic Church History & Genealogy Research Guide includes links to information on diocese and genealogy, categorized by location. If you are looking for British resources, see www.catholic-genealogy.com. 1 Church of the Brethren www.cob-net.org fobg 1 Church of Scotland www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk I Moravian Church www.enter.net smschlack The Moravian Church Genealogy Links page...

Exploring south of the border Mexican sources

To get your feet wet with resources from Mexico, take a look at the Mexico Research Outline at the FamilySearch site (www.familysearch.org xico.ASP). The outline covers archives and libraries, cemeteries, church records, emigration and immigration, gazetteers, land and property, military records, probate records, and societies. You can find a primer on tracing your ancestors on the Mexico Genealogy 101 page at the About.com genealogy site

Entering Information into Roots Magic

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints first developed and introduced GEDCOM in 1987. The first two versions of GEDCOM were released for public discussion only and not meant to serve as the standard. With the introduction of Version 5.x and later, however, GEDCOM was accepted as the standard.

Traversing the Emerald Isle

As we mentioned in the previous section, the GENUKI site (www.genuki. org.uk) contains information on a variety of geographic areas in the United Kingdom and Ireland. There are pages for all 32 counties of Ireland and you can find brief articles on a variety of topics including cemeteries, censuses, church records, civil registrations, court records, emigration and immigration, land and property, newspapers, probate records, and taxation. You can also find county pages at the Ireland Genealogy Projects site (irelandgenealogy projects.rootsweb.com).

Double Marriage Number 2 J

Until 1837, Catholics wanting their marriages to be recognised on both Heaven and Earth had to go to a Catholic priest for God (and the Pope), and then to an Anglican parish church for the King and State. From 1837, marriages in a Catholic church were valid if a registrar was present, and from 1898, Catholic priests themselves were licensed to perform legally-recognised marriages without a registrar being there. Between 1837 and 1898, though, registrars were not always welcomed into Catholic churches, so many Catholics continued to have double marriages, one in a Catholic church, and one in a registrar's office. For most family trees, though, you will only need to start using church marriage registers once you have got back to July 1837. From that point back to 25 March 1754, when Hardwicke's Marriage Act came into force, the only marriages recognised by the state were those performed by an Anglican clergyman in an Anglican parish church. There were but two exceptions those contracted...

For Genealogy

People outside family history might find the gravehunting many of us undertake to be a morbid, possibly even a sinister pursuit. Churchyards can be maudlin places. With so many graves overgrown, forgotten or even vandalised, they aren't always an appealing place to visit. You could say they have an image problem. With more people keeping alive the memories of their ancestors - which I admit isn't in all circles considered a fashionable thing to do - will the churches and other authorities respond with community-wide measures to preserve graveyards and cemeteries It will be nice if they do. Hopefully, family historians can show them that witnessing tangible evidence of the lives of our ancestors is just part of it. What matters just as much is the thought and sentiment behind these visits. Chris Duncan has written a very useful feature on finding graves this issue. I just wish I had read it and followed its advice before I spent a grey afternoon, three hours from home, tromping around...

Acknowledgements

The work presented here has been funded by the following The British Academy The Burney Fund (Faculty of Divinity) Rachael Cunningham The Methodist Church - Belfast Central Mission Martha McCormick the estate of the late Revd Peter Good E. O'Neill Dr Robin Hutton Louise Hutton (Snr) Graeme Paxton M. Johnston Murray Bell of 20 20 Architects.

Set Your Sights

It's always worth joining a family history society - or more than one. You'll get a good grounding in the essentials of family history research and you may well meet people with a similar interest and drive. Check the full list of family history societies with the FFHS at www.ffhs.org.uk or visit the LDS church.

Have You Tried

Millions of our ancestors worked in the Church rom the Reformation to the mid 19th century, the Clergy of the Church of England Database site offers a fast and fully searchable clergy list. You'll find it at http eagle.cch.kcl. ac.uk 8080 cce index.html, and best of all, it's free to use and you don't need to register.

Differences

Civil registration and church records Civil Registration for Protestant marriages in Ireland started on 1 April 1845 and are indexed 1847-1864 on www.familysearch.org. Civil Registration for all Irish marriages started on 1 January 1864, and all are at Joyce House, Dublin (See Contacts). The details given are the same as those for England and Wales. Before these dates, marriages can be problematic Catholic registers seldom survive before the 1820s, and are usually still with the local Catholic church. About half the Church of Ireland registers were blown up by the IRA in 1922. The survivors for Eire are accessible through the Representative Church Body Library, and for the North at the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland.

Marriage records

I Marriage banns Proclamations of the intent to marry someone in front of a church congregation If you have trouble finding a marriage record in the area where your ancestors lived, try looking in surrounding counties or parishes or possibly even states. Like today, it was not uncommon to marry in a nearby town in order to have the wedding at a particular relative's house or church. So if the record isn't in the location you expect, be sure to look in the areas where the parents of the ancestors lived.

Banns And Licenses

And their future spouse's parish churches. The idea was that, if there was a reason why they should not marry, someone who knew them would be able to speak up. Some parishes kept a separate banns book, which can help enormously by stating the home parish of the other party. The banns book of the groom's home parish may therefore tell you the bride's home parish - the very parish where the marriage probably took place.

Other Sources

Marriages are recorded in other places besides General Registration and church records. The better off your ancestors were, the more likely they would have been to have announced their weddings in local newspapers - or national ones, if they were very well-to-do - all are searchable at the British Library Newspaper Library (see Contacts). You can also try magazines produced by the religious denominations to which they belonged, or by the trades or companies in which they worked. Accounts of weddings have become increasingly detailed through time, and late 19th and early

Records Since 1858

In Ireland, separations were granted through the church courts until 1870, when responsibility passed to the Irish High Court. Full divorce still had to be sought though an Act of Parliament until 1939, when English divorce law was first extended to Northern Ireland. Civil divorce was forbidden in Southern Ireland until 1995.

Death Duty

After the death and burial of the testator, the executors would then seek official permission to administer the deceased's estate in accordance with their wishes. Before 1858, the Church presided over the process, known as 'probate'. The executors took a copy of the will to the relevant ecclesiastical court, where a probate act would be granted.

Document Dissected

Bachelor And Spinster Certificate

Winston Churchill's marriage PLACE OF RESIDENCE The bride's is likely to have been her normal address, but grooms often took temporary residence in the parish (minimum four weeks) to be allowed to marry in the parish church. If bride and groom give the same address, he may have been her father's apprentice or lodger, and rented a room. bride or groom were related to a clergyman, he might have come to their local church to perform the ceremony for them. bride or groom were related to a clergyman, he might have come to their local church to perform the ceremony for them. When Hardwicke's Marriage Act came into force, the only marriages recognised by the state were those performed by an Anglican clergyman in an Anglican parish church. There were but two exceptions those contracted in Quakers' meeting houses or Jewish synagogues

The Hometown News

To locate living relatives, consider subscribing to the hometown paper. You will be amazed at the leads it can provide, particularly if it is a small community. Watch for family names in the social news, school news, church news, and even the advertisements. All will be of interest and might eventually lead to contact with relatives.

Where To Start

Try and find a local parish history book for the area you are interested in. These are usually researched by local historians and are often sold in shops in the area lie the village shop). Such publications should give details of the history of the local church and burial sites.

Wedding

Photographer for a formal studio portrait. Wedding groups like this, taken in the street and in the backyard, made their appearance in the 1890s. Even in the 1920s and 1930s many newly-weds would have gone to the studio for their wedding portraits. The big change came in the 1950s when photographers began to attend at the church to photograph bride and groom, bridesmaids and best man, parents and guests, and produce a whole album full of wedding portraits. Here's what we made of this image.

Searching On Foot

Wealthy people are more likely to have been able to afford burial inside the church, either in the crypt, the chancel or beneath the nave. Sometimes families will have their own mausoleum or large open family plot. When tackling large graveyards or cemeteries of monuments, it is worth taking a walk round to establish the new and old sections. For churches, as a general rule, the oldest burials tend be nearest to the church building, working outwards to the newest burials at the far end. Now and then, an old or derelict burial site will be re-used for a new interment. It is often the case that burial sites with big perimeter walls 7 A plot map of all interments in the graveyard is also available at the Metropolitan Archive. This will save time when visiting the churchyard, as it locates the actual grave site. The Bland grave (highlighted in red) is found just to the right of the main path up to the church. Copy the plot map and it's time to take a trip to the church. 8 The inscription...

One voice Naturally

The facies totius universi fails to register any actuality. This is why Spinoza will say 'nature is always the same', or that 'we can easily conceive that all nature is one individual whose parts, that is bodies, vary in infinite ways without any change of the individual'.91 The methodological use of God ensures that the world is nothing or that all specificity is lost (hence Hegel's accusation of acosmism). The eternity which we are to seek is the very absence of actuality that which declares this world to be nothing. This eternity endeavours to have this nothing perform as something, while simultaneously remaining in itself nothing so as to prevent there being anything. Every space must be filled to exclude that which it pretends to be God, Nature, Substance, individuals, emotions, virtue, life, death, belief. As Lermond says, 'The truth of eternity is an absolute realisation of being for which there can be no this or that, no one or the other, eternity is everything.'92 Spinoza...

Recording Your Finds

As with any type of research, most of the preparation should be done before leaving the house. Don't make the mistake of searching a site which was closed for burials 50 years before the death of your ancestor. Similarly, check the burial site wasn't opened after the death of your ancestor. The site's administrators - church office, council, or crematorium - should be able to provide this information. Once you find the grave you're looking for, start by sketching a map of its location in the churchyard or cemetery, then note down the inscription carefully and, if possible, take a photograph. A return visit to the grave may be many years down the road, by which time the inscription could have worn away or the monument been vandalised or removed. Don't forget to check the surrounding graves for other relations and do take delight in sharing your discovery with other interested friends and family members.

Top Tips

Check chapel records as well as church parishes. The pity is that generally speaking many weren't kept up after 1837, says Dewi, they actually show more information. These records show the mother's maiden name and occupation (if any), and the parishes where both parents came from.

Location

The earliest parts of Thornbury's St Mary's Church are thought to have been built around the 12th century, with additions being made over the centuries. Today, Thornbury is home to around 12,000 residents. The picturesque High Street and the museum bring visitors from around the area.

Key History

1086 Leeds formed part of the vast estate of Ilbert de Lacy of Pontefract and was mentioned in Domesday Book as a cluster of buildings around the parish church of St Peter 1624 John Harrison, a rich cloth merchant rebuilt Leeds Grammar School, founded in 1552, and gave the town St John's Church The first known reference to Leeds was by the Venerable Bede in the 7th century when he mentioned the area of Leodis, the second was an entry in Domesday Book. The birthplace of the city was the area around the parish church of St Peter. In 1207, a new town was laid out adjacent to the church, which formed the main streets of the city centre as it is today.

Now Youve Arrived

Most research facilities are closed on Sundays. Use that day to visit the cemeteries, attend the church services at your ancestors' churches, find the old home place of your ancestors, and visit with distant relatives you may find. Reflect on your feelings as you gaze at the same mountains your ancestors saw walk the creek bank where they fished or sit in the church pews they once occupied.

Getting Religion

If you have determined your ancestors' religion, try to locate their meeting place. Your ancestors usually did not venture too far for church services. Check city directories and old maps to help locate the churches closest to your ancestor's residence. Investigate the possibility that the church is still active in the local area. Call the church offices to locate the old church records. There may be membership lists, participants in church ceremonies, or a church history mentioning your ancestor as a founding member. More often, the church is gone and the archives, if they survive, have been transferred to the library or a central church repository.

Out And About

Boniface St, the 1901 address, was neither in the AtoZ nor on any old maps I could find. Lastly, Bowles Road was in a recent A to Z, but the road name had disappeared from what is now the service road out of a McDonalds Drive Thru. The depths of Deptford are not conducive to sunny days out, but I was pleasantly surprised by the church of St Paul's, where I had some modest hopes of finding a few Moore gravestones. It is a very pretty church but as with many, unfortunately, the cemetery has been cleared in recent years. A number of ancient, unreadable headstones were propped against a wall, but none was of any use to me. I returned home via Greenwich I wanted to look at the

Changing Names

Churches, while burials were the responsibility of the original parish of an inmate. Both would be annotated as being from a union workhouse but be warned, sometimes this was disguised as a house number and street. Parish records can be found in local studies libraries, CROs and transcribed in publications by family history societies.

Kinds of Cemeteries

Church cemeteries may adjoin the church or may be located some distance away. Church burial registers may take some digging to find. They may be at the church, but in many cases they moved with a minister or are archived at another location such as a regional church archive or a university collection.

July 2005

Ephemera found in libraries, museums and heritage centres should be sought out. Luckily, they are not always hard to find as carpenters did just about every job imaginable involving wood. This could mean making coffins, acting as the local undertaker, constructing and repairing wooden buildings, making handles for tools, manufacturing farm gates, fitting floors and making furniture. Many church pews were made by village carpenters and it is worth looking for the initials or mark of your carpenter ancestor in the local village church.

And Genealogy

There's a list of surnames that are being researched locally, along with a wealth of other historical and genealogical information which includes church and tomb listings, research on buildings such as the workhouse and schools, plus various book extracts.

Advanced Search

This is a useful free source of genealogical information for anyone that has ancestors involved within or around the Methodist Church. There are some online records that are worth investigating including a list of Methodist ministers, women in Methodism as well as a dedicated area to Methodist genealogy. This provides a guide to the sources of information that may help if you are researching a minister, lay person or local preacher.

Proquest

This is a relatively straightforward site that provides some useful searchable databases of areas such as freeholders' records which are displayed as images of the original documents. There are other listings too including church indexes and a geographical index of parishes. If you're researching a Northern Ireland ancestry this should be your first stop.

Conclusion

Theology must endeavour to avoid these imbalances, employing the Christian tradition in a manner which allows the radical nature of creation - its difference - to present itself. Therefore, the faithful theologian, in articulating the creeds - in explicating the particularity of the faith - finds himself within different memories, for those in the Upper Room called forth Good Friday, in that they remembered the future 5 just as the Church is the sacrament of the future. In being the Bride of Christ we are to find form in the formless, love in hate, blood in wine, life in death. This is 'dialogue', and it is 'agnostic', but it is the dialogue between a lover and a loved within the mystique of desire. Love always has faith in difference, that there is difference in the same, and that we are able to trust that which is otherwise.6

Resource

Further back The Church Court sessions, often called the 'Bawdy Court', contain a fascinating glimpse in early modern life, a time when dancing the Morris or opening your shop or bar on the Sabbath was severely frowned on. Some of our ancestors frequently appear in these types of records. From medieval times English Society was fairly strict and surprisingly efficient in controlling rogue elements, and the Law has always been renowned for keeping accurate records.

Teengenes

I got stuck, as most people do, about 200 years ago. My family were in Eastbourne since about 80 years ago and before that around Darwen in Lancashire. I have done all the research myself, visiting the records office in Kingsway, churches, county record offices and so on.

Uk Bdm Exchange

The UK BDM Exchange is a free resource for anyone researching their UK family history. The site has details of more than 70,000 birth, death and marriage certificates since 1837, along with details of church records of baptisms, burials and church marriages from before 1837. Here you can search for surnames and view relevant records for free.

February

After treatment for preservation, they are likely to go on display at Haden Hill House, a local museum displaying the life of a typical Victorian gentleman. 1862 ARTEFACTS Including photos, a local newspaper and details of a Methodist Church meeting - the capsule also held new additions from 1910 when it was first dug up

Surnameweb

This is a busy-looking FHS site that provides a wide range of resources and information for local genealogists. As well as the standard FHS stuff there are a number of additional areas on the site that could be useful such as members' websites, parishes and maps, census districts, memorials, churches, war memorials and other places of worship. There is information on current projects and indexes to local history information and occupations. Note you'll need to register with a username and password to see most of this site.

Locating Registers

Before purchasing the NBI, it's a good idea to check that any specific parishes of interest are included on the CDs by clicking the NBI icon at www.ffhs.org. uk and then clicking on the relevant county. The breakdown of entries is very comprehensive, giving the name of the church or cemetery and the span of years for the entries. The easiest way to find out if burial registers have survived in any given parish is to look at a copy of Phillimore's Atlas and Index of Parish Registers ( 45) available from www.phillimore.co.uk. Record offices offer one of the best chances of finding family graves as they will hold most old church and cemetery records for their specific region. One invaluable document likely to be held at the local archives is the burial

Diary Winners

Family Historians are familiar with church courts in that they hold the records of wills probated before 1858 and granted licences to marry in church without the formal calling of banns. However the church courts still operate today and even though they've lost their control over matters of morality and, to some extent, the employment of church officials, the courts are still very active in the issuing of faculties or permission to disturb the body and fabric of the church and its grounds. I have been following one case over the last two years through its travels from a local consistory or Bishop's court to the highest ecclesiastical court of appeal, the Court of Arches of the Archbishop of Canterbury. In October 2004 the Church Times reported on the ruling of the Rt Worshipful Sheila Cameron QC, Dean of the Arches, Chancellor Peter Collier QC and Judge Samuel Wiggs QC for the Court of Arches which upheld a decision of the Chancellor of the Rochester Consistory Court in November 2002,...

Walmsley

Egerton - I'm looking for any information, please, about 'Lily' Eliza Egerton, who married Arthur Edwards and lived her married life at Scholer Green, Biddulph, until her death c1930 at the age of 41. She is buried at Church Lawton, Cheshire. She was always known as Lily. Her two sisters were Ada and Jessie. During married life she resided in small cottages along North Congleton Road, Scholer Green, having two sons, Clifford and John, after marrying in 1914. I'd like information please about this 'grandmother' whose life was cut short and who, unfortunately, I never knew. Mrs Margaret Allen 200 Mill Street, Leek, Staffordshire, ST138ET

Hispanic Roots

If your ancestor immigrated in the nineteenth or twentieth century, look for vital records, military records, photographs, passports, church records, passenger lists, naturalization papers, diaries, or other items that can give you an idea of the birthplace of your ancestor. For those ancestors who immigrated before the nineteenth century, you may want to consult Spanish colonial records after you exhaust any local records in the region where your ancestor lived.

Gravestones

Monument inscriptions from the 19th century onwards are generally legible. However, less-durable types of stone were more commonly used prior to this time. Monuments erected inside a church are typically best preserved. The exception are floor tablets positioned along the nave centuries of parishioners walking on them has inevitably taken its toll. See issue 10 of Your Family Tree for tips on cleaning and interpreting troublesome inscriptions and preserving gravestones for future generations to read.

Exmoor Audio Clips

Millie Curtis - her mother did the washing over an old furnace. Alvina Irwin - on being invited to play tennis at her new school. Tom Lock - he worked for the tanneries, and sold cider. Leslie Norman - recalls his family, and his first pair of britches. Hilda Parham - on giving birth at home. Bill Partridge - reflects on Luscombe Church Fred Radley - he'd watch the workers coming home in West of England sacks to keep dry. Mary Schofield - about her friendship with Alfred Munnings.