Anti-Semitism is a mass movement, ideological and vulgar. As such, it is a popular neurosis that affects weak and insecure people, who are deficient in self-confidence (in contrast to Nietzsche's "Übermensch " or Dionysian individual); and it presents a new kind of "slave revolt." A mass movement generally derives its strength from the coalescence of weak individuals joined by an object of common hatred. Moreover, despite his sense to the contrary, the weak individual sinks even lower in the crowd, because he draws a semblance of strength from outside —from the faceless mass within which he has let the remnants of his personality be submerged. His originally petty, insecure spirit is not redeemed within the crowd but rather compounded. Through a veil of self-deception, he acquires a sense of counterfeit power (political, not existential) which he cannot sustain otherwise than by projecting it negatively against his "other."
Furthermore, the anti-Semitic movement as Nietzsche understood it was not even the decline of an originally strong and creative position. Rather, already from the start and in the mouths of its originators, it expressed mass psychology in its direct and most primary form. If the image of a "herd" has meaning in Nietzsche, its derogatory connotations apply most distinctly to the anti-Semitic movement, as a modern embodiment of "herd" and "slave" mentality, though without its original creative power.
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