Family Group Sheets Are Convenient but

Family group sheets, those forms leaving room for the names and statistics of an individual family, are popular because they are a convenient form of entering data. However, problems exist. Seldom do the forms have sufficient room to enter the sources. Computer programs that are now available often handle the problem by allowing text notes to be included. But those prepared in earlier times, without the benefit of a computer, encouraged the researchers to enter dates and locations without...

Genealogy

By Christine Rose, cg, cgl, fasg and Kay Germain Ingalls, cgrs A Division of Pearson USA, Inc. A Pearson Education Company 1633 Broadway, New York, NY 10019 Copyright 1997 by Christine Rose and Kay Germain Ingalls All rights reserved. No part of this book shall be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the...

Making Sense of the Index

Open the index book, and see if it is a standard index and easily understood. There are many variations to indexes. Each has its own name, and many are still in use. There are Russell indexes, Cott indexes, and others. Look inside the front cover. There should be a diagram or chart and an explanation of the indexing system used in that county. Read it carefully. If, after a few minutes, you are still unsure, ask the clerk to explain the system. In the following figure, using the so-called...

Whats in a Persons Name

If someone is known by more than one name, put the alternate name or names in parenthesis after the surname, preceded by a.k.a. (also known as). As an example, John Smith (a.k.a. John Taylor). This situation might occur, for instance, when John Smith had been adopted by a Taylor and was known by both names. Write down all the names by which a person was known. If he was known by his middle name, or known by initials only, note that too. Laurence William Holmes has been known as Bill, Will, and...

Abbreviations and Acronyms Commonly Used in Genealogy

D.s.p. died without issue (decessit FNGS sine prole) disch., discharge discharged h o dischd. div. divorce division Ind. Ter. d-m-y day, month, year inf., Inf. f., fem. female LDS f o father of FASG Fellow, American Society of m. FGS Federation of Genealogical mat. Societies Fellow, National Genealogical Society Fellow, Utah Genealogical Association Genealogical Journal granddaughter grandson husband husband of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints male, married, month, mother Minister of...

Reaching Beyond the Basics

As your genealogical expertise develops, you may aspire to certification or accreditation. These credentials are sought, not only by those who wish to take clients, but by genealogists eager to do the best possible work. They take the opportunity to measure their skills against the high standards set by the Board for Certification of Genealogists or the Family History Library. Whether or not you are interested in adding credentials to your name, it's good to get a taste of genealogy's alphabet...

The Least You Need to Know

V Start your genealogical search with your own family members, not only your parents, but also aunts and uncles. V Be sensitive don't press when the family is reluctant to talk about an episode in the past. V Thoroughly exhaust all the family mementos. Most will help in some way in your search. V The old family Bible often is the only written record of a family. Look also for engraved silverware. The initials may give a clue to a husband's or wife's name. V Getting the right information into...

Computer Programs

Black Oak Systems, 7472 Mt. Sherman Rd., Longmont, CO 805038678. DeedMapper. Direct Line Software, 71 Neshobe Rd., Newton, MA 02168. Family Tree Maker. Broderbund Software, P.O. Box 6125, Novato, CA 94948. Personal Ancestral File PAF . Salt Lake Distribution Center, 1999 W. 1700 South, Salt Lake City, UT 84104. Reunion. Leister Productions, P.O. Box 289, Mechanicsburg, PA 17055. Ultimate Family Tree. Palladium Interactive, Inc., 743 E. Franklin St., Ste. B, Spencer, IN 47460....

Drop Charts

A variation of the descendant chart is the drop chart. Sometimes called a box chart, the drop chart is a clear representation of one line of descent. Direct descendant chart or drop chart. Notice that the last three figures use individuals from the pedigree chart and the family group sheet pictured earlier in this chapter to illustrate the various ways to treat your genealogy information. The first is a descendant chart for individual number 4 on the pedigree chart. The next figure is a graphic...

Engraved in Stone

The highlight of cemetery visits is reading the tombstones. The variety is astounding. From huge monuments to simple wood plaques, all were placed in loving memory of individuals who had strengths and weaknesses, as do we. They are teeming with information about our ancestors if we will only read them. The inscription may be only a name and range of dates or it may be akin to a family group sheet in marble with information on the parents on the front of the marker and all the children and their...

Beware the Generic Family History

You may be tempted by the allure of various advertisements that promise a family history of your name in America with origins of the surname, coat of arms, and every individual in the United States with your name, or other ads touting books with information about your forebears and why they immigrated to the New World. Don't be misled. It is not your family history, or anyone else's family history. These publications are usually nothing more than paragraphs of general information that could...

Contact and Interview Living Relatives

Following the suggested pattern of research, interviews were conducted with all the grandchildren who were living when this research was undertaken in the 1960s. They were exhaustively interviewed about their recollections, and each scoured his or her own collection of family material. A handwritten paper was found in Anson's son Marsena's hand, stating that Father went ahead out west, to grow up with the country, and he bought a farm, 200 acres, one half mile from Ft. Atkinson and built a...

Why the Effort

With all the entertainment available, why would you want to spend your time writing letters, talking to relatives, and visiting libraries and cemeteries A definitive answer defies all who attempt to explain. A sense of identity is foremost for many. Those who believe their family was too ordinary or too poor to be interesting are amazed to realize the sense of value they place on their family and heritage after delving into the family background. The tales of hardship, of endurance, will...

NGSQ System

The NGSQ System is based on the Register system, but assigns an Arabic numeral to each child. A mark in front of the Arabic numeral designates whether the child is carried forward. As seen in the figure below, the readily identifies the sections that hold further details. Those sections are preceded by the Arabic numeral assigned to that individual, in larger bold typeface if using a computer . The modified Register System, known as NGSQ System. 1. John1 Smith was born 3 April 1788, etc. Known...

Descendant Charts

Other charts are useful for genealogy research. You will more often use descendant charts later in your research. These charts start with an individual and list that person's descendants. Because descendant charts begin with a progenitor, you must do some research to find the progenitors in your lines. Descendant charts include all the descendants of the progenitor, or as many as can be identified. A progenitor is an ancestor in a direct line. When genealogists refer to a progenitor, they...

Cracking the Code

Federal indexing for the 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920 censuses is based on a phonetic system called the Soundex or a similar one called Miracode . It was devised to overcome the vagaries of spelling by grouping together surnames that sound alike, but are spelled differently. In the Soundex, Bream, Breem, or Briem will be found in indexes under B650 Wier, Weer, Wiere, and Ware would be W600. The 1880 census was Soundexed only for households having children under the age of ten. These children were...

Spell It Correctly ZIP It Right

When you send a letter, you are eager for a response. It is disappointing to have the letter returned in a few weeks because you misspelled the street name or inserted the wrong street address. Recheck the address. If in doubt, your library may have a telephone book with the address to which you're writing so you can verify it. You can also check one of the CD-ROMs that show addresses for residences and businesses, or even a mailing list on one of the on-line computer services that provides...

Pedigree or Family Tree Charts

Paternal Family Tree Pedigree

The chart you begin with is a pedigree chart, an ascendant chart. On it you start with yourself and work back in time, generation by generation, filling in your parents, grandparents, great-grandparents, and so on, as far back as you can. starts with you and shows the line of your direct ancestors. It is sometimes called a family tree, lineage, or ancestry chart. Think of the pedigree chart as a shorthand master outline of your bloodline. A quick glance at it alerts you to the blank spots in...

Latin for Genealogists

Legal documents and court records are full of Latin terms that need defining. It is important for you to know that when an index lists a name followed by et al, there are other names connected with this document in addition to the name that is indexed or that et uxor or et ux. means and wife. The best source for legal terms is a law dictionary. Consult Black's Law Dictionary, whenever you encounter legal terms you do not understand. A common phrase may have variant meanings. Meeting house could...

Using Computer Programs for Genealogy Record Keeping

If you have a computer, consider using a computer genealogy program to manage your genealogy information. These programs give you great flexibility in compiling and analyzing your research, as well as making it easier to share data. After entering the data into the computer once, you can arrange it in many ways. All the programs use a family group sheet format to keep track of your information, and all print pedigree charts. The differences in genealogy programs lie in the amount of information...

You Can Read It But What Does It Mean

The terminology that baffles you may be complex legal phrases or obsolete clauses. It could just be a peculiarity in the writing of the individual who created the record. Working with the official documents of a specific place and time, you will learn the terminology and recognize standardized words or sentences that aren't important to the interpretation of the document. But when you begin, if you transcribe the complete document as suggested, including all words and punctuation , it won't...

Family Group Sheets and Sources

Each fact on the family group sheet must be linked to a full source citation. If all the information came from the same source, the family group sheet notation might read All information on this family from 1860 U.S. Census, Population Schedule, Noble County, Indiana, Perry Township, Ligonier, page 105, dwelling 84, family 84. As your research progresses, your information on the family will come from several sources. The same information may be in two or more documents. For example, the birth...

Large or Small They Chart Your Family

Blank pedigree charts accommodating 4 to 15 generations can be purchased. The four-generation pedigree chart is the most convenient to work with in your day-to-day research. The more generations on the chart, the less room there is for data about individuals. Some decorative pedigree charts are suitable for framing. They can be fan shaped with the lines radiating out from you at the center. Some are in the form of a tree with limbs and branches representing family lines. Still others have...