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In reading Nietzsche's Genealogy one encounters an incomparable voice that has permeated many ofthe cultural dialogues ofour age, a mind ofgreat depth and ingenuity, and a literary masterpiece whose power, subtlety, wit, and attention to psychological detail repay almost endless close reading. Nietzsche is that rare philosophical writer to whom one can return again and again, as to a great piece of music, for the sheer fulfilment of hearing the same phrases, yet confident of finding fresh nuances and experiencing new shocks of realization. And maybe this is achievement enough. But in this book I have sought to examine what hypotheses about our moral values Nietzsche puts forward as true in the Genealogy, what beliefs and feelings he would have us question and revise, what transformation of values he hopes to foster, and what range of means he adopts towards those ends. I shall close by concentrating on just two broad questions (1) What attitude or attitudes towards morality might we...
Technology continues to make it easier to keep track of and share data. Computer programs can help you determine the gaps in your family history. Just a few years ago, genealogy was done by hand with charts painstakingly drawn for each person wanting a copy. Shared information was often incomplete and completely lacking documentation because the person disseminating the information ran out of energy before getting it all sent off to a distant relative. Writers promised to send more details soon but never found the time to complete the task. Copy machines have changed all that. Copiers are everywhere even residents of very small towns usually have access to one somewhere nearby. Now there is little excuse for sharing undocumented or partial data.
First, then, what is genealogy Alexander Nehamas has written that for Nietzsche genealogy is 'history, correctly practiced', and more recent writers have echoed that statement.7 But this formulation may run the risk of being uninformative there are some notable differences between genealogy and other forms of history. Like ordinary family genealogy, Nietzsche's investigation of morality is restricted to those aspects of the past that causally terminate in our specific present-day states, and so is a highly selective exercise, ignoring vast tracts of history from which our current attitudes do not clearly descend. If I am pursuing my own genealogy, my being a descendant of X is decisive in X's being a salient object of study for me. Only tangentially, if at all, do I care to discover who lived in the
Following the suggested pattern of research, interviews were conducted with all the grandchildren who were living when this research was undertaken in the 1960s. They were exhaustively interviewed about their recollections, and each scoured his or her own collection of family material. A handwritten paper was found in Anson's son Marsena's hand, stating that Father went ahead out west, to grow up with the country, and he bought a farm, 200 acres, one half mile from Ft. Atkinson and built a small house and a large barn, split rails and fenced in the farm. Anson sent word to his wife Cornelia to bring the family, and in 1844, according to the same writer, they joined him making the trip from New York to Milwaukee. Said Marsena, Father sent for Mother, Emory, Newton and little me, we followed up on a sailing scooner across the lakes. Newt told me when I had grown up that we had a terrible squally time crossing the lakes and I squalled so loud and long that he and Em put their heads...
In 1888, the year after the Genealogy appeared, Nietzsche composed his supposed autobiography, Ecce Homo. Although in general this work is approached with some degree of caution by many writers on Nietzsche, it is worth risking the thought that the single page of description entitled 'Genealogy of Morals. A Polemic', which purports to be a resume of the intentions informing the rhetoric of the Genealogy's three treatises and an assessment of their achievement, can be taken at face value as a cogent summary analysis. Nietzsche here uses the vocabulary of discovering psychological truths, but equally strongly presents the achievement of the three treatises in artistic and rhetorical terms, pointing out their overall musical shape and mood, their ironic deceptions, and the powerful disorienting emotional effects they are calculated to have upon the unsuspecting reader. Thus
Compare 'the modern scriptor is born simultaneously with the text, is in no way equipped with a being preceding or exceeding the writing' (Barthes 1977 145) and 'It would be wrong to equate the author or author function with the real writer' (Foucault 1986 112). A good critical account of these views is given by Lamarque (1990).
A number of abbreviations common in early documents are rare today. You will often see inst as an abbreviation for instant. That will help to establish a correct date if you know instant was the term used to indicate that the date referred to was in the same month as a mentioned date. Thus, in a response on December 28th to a letter dated December 4th, the letter writer might say, In responding to your letter of the 4th instant, which is to say, I'm replying to your letter dated December 4th.
A large part of the Bengal army and a smaller section of the Bombay army were disbanded along with their traditions, their successful war services and their years of faithful service. One writer said of their demise that the Mutiny 'buried in a month the traditions of a century.' The East India Company was dissolved on 1 January 1874 274 years after its inception.
Writing your family history is more than a mere rearrangement of the family group sheet into a narrative paragraph, but you need not be a professional writer to complete the picture. If you have difficulty, write brief sections with the goal of piecing it all together. Try writing it as a letter to some other family member. Once you get started the words will tumble out because you are so eager to tell what you have found.